Couple more items for CC dictionary/glossary
Tuesday, January 16, 2018 at 3:49AM
Dan Kahan

Dual process theory/theories. A set of decisionmaking frameworks that posit two discrete modes of information processing: one (often referred to as “System 1”) that is rapid, intuitive, and emotion pervaded; and another (often referred to as “System 2”) that is deliberate, self-conscious, and analytical. [Sources: Kahan, Emerging Trends in the Social and Behavioral Sciences (2016); Kahneman, American Economic Review, 93(5), 1449-1475 (2003); Kahneman & Frederick in Morrison (Ed.), The Cambridge handbook of thinking and reasoning (pp. 267-293), Cambridge University Press. (2005); Stanovich & West, Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 23(5), 645-665 (2000). Added Jan. 12, 2018.]

Motivated reasoning. A form of unconscious information-processing that is characterized by the selective crediting and discrediting of evidence in patterns that advance some goal or interest independent of the apprehension of truth. Cultural cognition—the biased assessment of evidence  protective of one’s status in identity-defining affinity groups—is one form of motivated reasoning. But there are many others, including self-serving apprehension of one’s own abilities, and inattention to evidence of one’s own mortality. Accordingly, cultural cognition should be not be equated with motivated reasoning but rather be treated as a species of it. [Source: Kunda Psychological Bulletin, 108, 480-498; Kahan, Harv L. Rev., 126, 1-77 (2011), pp. 19-26. Added Jan. 15, 2016.]

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