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« Culture, worldviews, & risk perception (glossary entries) | Main | "Science curiosity" and "SCS", plus "Mobility and Stability hypotheses"--latest entries in Cultural Cognition Dictionary/Glossary (Whatever) »

New entries for CCP "glossary": cognitive dualism and the disentanglement principle

Still more for this dictionary/glossary in progress:

Cognitive dualism.  A theoretical account of reasoning that purports to reconcile opposing states of belief and disbelief in fundamental scientific facts. The theory posits that individuals variously endorse and reject such facts depending on which state—belief or disbelief—best enables such individuals to achieve context-specific goals.  Thus a science-trained professional might “believe in” human evolution when he or she is engaged in professional tasks that depend on the truth of that theory, yet still disbelieve in human evolution when he or she is acting as a member of a religious community, in which such disbelief enables her to both experience membership in and loyalty to such a community and to express the same. Farmers, too, have been observed to “disbelieve in” human-caused climate change when acting as members of their cultural communities, but to “believe in it” when endorsing farming practices that anticipate human-caused climate change. [Sources: Everhart & Hameed, Evolution: Education and Outreach, 6(1), 1-8; Prokopy, Morton et al., Climatic Change, 117, 943-50 (2014); Cultural cognition blog passim. Date added: Jan. 4 2018].

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The distentaglement principle.  Label for a normative practice, derived from empirical findings, that supports the self-conscious presentation of scientific information in a manner that effectively severs positions on contested science issues from message recipients’ cutlural identities.  The effective use of the disentanglement principle has been credited with the successful teaching of evolutionary theory to secondary school students who "disbeliever" evolution. It also is the basis for science communication in Southeast Florida, where community engagement with climate change science draws together groups and communities that hold opposing beliefs in human-caused climate change. [Sources: Lawson & Worsnop, Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 29, 143-66 (1992). Kahan, Advances in Pol. Psych., 36, 1-43. Added on Jan. 4, 2018.]


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Reader Comments (1)

Gallup pole - trust in professions (but not scientists):

January 5, 2018 | Unregistered CommenterJonathan

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